Breed Information Centre

Estrela Mountain Dog


Illustration of Estrela Mountain Dog

The mountain range known as the Serra da Estrela, in central Portugal, was the region where the breed was developed as a flock guard and he can work on the summits 2000 feet above sea level or on the parched summer lowlands.

Strongly built, it is thought that there is some mastiff influence in their background. Intensely loyal to his owner, the Estrela is an excellent guard dog not only of livestock but of his owner and his territory. The neatly folded back ears and a hook to the tip of the tail are breed features.

Breed Group
Vulnerable Native Breed
How much exercise?
Up to 1 hour per day
Length of coat
How much grooming?
More than once a week
Supposedly sheds? *
Town or Country
Type of home
Large House
Minimum Garden Size
Under 10 Years

* If you are asthmatic or have an allergy, you should consult your medical advisor before considering obtaining a dog. More information can also be found on the Kennel Club website.

The Pastoral Breed Group

The Pastoral Group consists of herding dogs that are associated with working cattle, sheep, reindeer and other cloven footed animals.

Usually this type of dog has a weatherproof double coat to protect it from the elements when working in severe conditions. Breeds such as the Collie family, Old English Sheepdogs and Samoyeds who have been herding reindeer for centuries are but a few included in this group.

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